The Sea Surface Temperature Climate Change Initiative (SST CCI) project is a collaboration of 9 partner institutions, with the aim of accurately mapping the surface temperature of the global oceans over the period 1991 to 2010, using observations from many satellites, and to independently quantify SST to a quality suitable for climate research.
The team brings together European expertise in creating climate quality records of ocean temperatures from satellite data, with expertise in climate applications and computer engineering. Through the ESA funded Climate Change Initiative, the team have created a new, 20-yr climate record of global sea surface temperature (SST) for the period 1991 to 2010. Based on satellite data, this record is independent of thermometer based measurements from ships and buoys. The new climate SST record complements and challenges existing knowledge of how ocean temperatures have evolved.
The project started in August 2010. It is part of a wider initiative by the European Space Agency (ESA) addressing several essential climate variables in addition to SST.