This is version 188.8.131.525p of HadISD (27 April 2015) the Met Office Hadley Centre's global sub-daily data, extending v184.108.40.2064f to span 1/1/1973 - 31/12/2015.
The quality controlled variables in this dataset are: temperature, dewpoint temperature, sea-level pressure, wind speed and direction, cloud data (total, low, mid and high level). Past significant weather and precipitation data are also included, but have not been quality controlled, their quality and completness cannot be guaranteed. Quality control flags and data values which have been removed in the quality control process are also provided along with a station listing with IDs, names and location information. The data are provided as one NetCDF file per station.
To keep up to date with updates, news and announcements follow the HadOBS team on twitter @metofficeHadOBS.
For more detailed information e.g bug fixes, routine updates and other exploratory analysis, see the HadISD blog: http://hadisd.blogspot.co.uk/
When using the dataset in a paper you must cite the following papers (see Docs for link to the publications) and this dataset (using the "citable as" reference) :
Dunn, R. J. H., et al. (2012), HadISD: A Quality Controlled global synoptic report database for selected variables at long-term stations from 1973-2011, Climate of the Past
Smith, A., N. Lott, and R. Vose, 2011: The Integrated Surface Database: Recent Developments and Partnerships. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 704–708, doi:10.1175/2011BAMS3015.1
For a homogeneity assessment of HadISD please see this following reference
Dunn, R. J. H., K. M. Willett, C. P. Morice, and D. E. Parker. "Pairwise homogeneity assessment of HadISD." Climate of the Past 10, no. 4 (2014): 1501-1522. doi:10.5194/cp-10-1501-2014, 2014.