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ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (Greenland_Ice_Sheet_cci): Greenland Gravimetric Mass Balance from GRACE data, derived by DTU Space, v1.4

Update Frequency: Not Planned
Latest Data Update: 2018-11-21
Status: Completed
Online Status: ONLINE
Publication State: Published
Publication Date: 2018-11-28
Download Stats: last 12 months
Dataset Size: 46 Files | 11MB


This dataset provides the Gravitational Mass Balance (GMB) product derived from gravimetry data from the GRACE satellite instrument, by DTU Space. The data consists of two products: a mass change time series for the entire Greenland Ice Sheet and different drainage basins for the period April 2002 to June 2017; and mass trend grids for different 5-year periods between 2003 and 2017. This version (1.4) is derived from GRACE monthly solutions provided by TU Graz (ITSG-Grace 2016), apart from August 2016 time series which is computed using the CRS-R05 solution.

The mass change time series contains the mass change (with respect to a chosen reference month) for all of the Greenland Ice Sheet and each individual drainage basin. For each month (defined by a decimal year) a mass change in Gt and its associated error (also in Gt) is provided. The mass trend grid product is given in units of mm water equivalent per year.

Mass balance is an important variable to understand glacial thinning and ablation rates to enable mapping glacier area change. The time series allows the longer term comparison of trends whereas the mass trend grids provide a yearly snapshot which can be further analysed and compared across the data set.

Basin definitions and further data descriptions can be found in the Algorithm Theoretical Baseline Document (ST-DTU-ESA-GISCCI-ATBD-001_v3.1.pdf) and Product Specification Document (ST-DTU-ESA-GISCCI-PSD_v2.2.pdf) which are provided on the Greenland Ice Sheet CCI project website.

Barletta, V. R., Sørensen, L. S., and Forsberg, R.: Scatter of mass changes estimates at basin scale for Greenland and Antarctica, The Cryosphere, 7, 1411-1432, doi:10.5194/tc-7-1411-2013, 2013.

Citable as:  ESA Greenland Ice Sheet CCI project team (2018): ESA Greenland Ice Sheet Climate Change Initiative (Greenland_Ice_Sheet_cci): Greenland Gravimetric Mass Balance from GRACE data, derived by DTU Space, v1.4. Centre for Environmental Data Analysis, date of citation.
Abbreviation: Not defined
Keywords: Greenland, Ice sheet, CCI, ESA


Previous Info:
No news update for this record
Previously used record identifiers:
No related previous identifiers.
Access rules:
Public data: access to these data is available to both registered and non-registered users.
Use of these data is covered by the following licence: When using these data you must cite them correctly using the citation given on the CEDA Data Catalogue record.
Data lineage:

Data were processed by the ESA CCI Greenland Ice Sheet project team and supplied to CEDA in the context of the ESA CCI Open Data Portal Project.

Data Quality:
As provided by the CCI Greenland Ice Sheets team
File Format:
Mass trend data are provided in NetCDF format. Time series data are provided in ascii and png format.

Process overview

  • var_id: crs
  • var_id: end_time
  • long_name: end of time span
  • names: end of time span
  • var_id: GMB_trend
  • units: kg m-2 yr-1
  • long_name: mass trend for time span
  • standard_name: tendency_of_change_in_land_ice_amount
  • names: mass trend for time span, tendency_of_change_in_land_ice_amount
  • var_id: start_time
  • long_name: start of time span
  • names: start of time span

Co-ordinate Variables

  • standard_name: time
  • var_id: t
  • long_name: average time for time slice
  • names: time, average time for time slice
  • units: degrees_north
  • standard_name: latitude
  • var_id: latitude
  • long_name: latitude
  • names: latitude
  • units: degrees_east
  • standard_name: longitude
  • var_id: longitude
  • long_name: longitude
  • names: longitude
Temporal Range
Start time:
End time:
Geographic Extent