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CHIRPS: Quasi-global daily satellite and observation based precipitation estimates over land

Update Frequency: Unknown
Status: Completed
Online Status: ONLINE
Publication State: Published
Publication Date: 2018-09-10
Download Stats: last 12 months


This dataset contains Climate Hazards Group Infrared Precipitation with Stations (CHIRPS) Quasi-global satellite and observation based precipitation estimates over land from 1981 to near-real time. Spanning 50°S-50°N (and all longitudes), starting in 1981 to near-present, CHIRPS incorporates 0.05° resolution satellite imagery with in-situ station data to create gridded rainfall time series for trend analysis and seasonal drought monitoring.

Citable as:  Climate Hazard Group (2018): CHIRPS: Quasi-global daily satellite and observation based precipitation estimates over land. Climate Hazard Group, date of citation.
Abbreviation: Not defined
Keywords: CHIRPS, Precipitation, rainfall, Observations, satellite


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Access rules:
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Use of these data is covered by the following licence: When using these data you must cite them correctly using the citation given on the CEDA Data Catalogue record.
Data lineage:

Data taken as is from Climate hazard group. .

Data Quality:
Data is as given by the data provider, no quality control has been performed by the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA)
File Format:
Data are netCDf formatted.

Related Documents

 CHIRPS homepage

Process overview

This dataset was generated by the computation detailed below.
Title Climate Hazards Group Infrared Precipitation with Stations (CHIRPS)
Abstract CHIRPS is the product of a two part process. First, IR Precipitation (IRP) pentad rainfall estimates are created from satellite data by calculating the percentage of time during the pentad that the IR observations indicate cold cloud tops (<235° K), and converting that value into millimeters of precipitation by means of previously determined local regression with TRMM 3B42 precipitation pentads. The IRP pentads are then expressed as percent of normal by dividing the values by their long-term (1981–2012) IRP means. These unitless values represent variations in time from the long-term mean (below normal, normal, or above normal rainfall). The percent of normal IRP pentad is then multiplied by the corresponding CHPClim pentad to produce an unbiased gridded estimate, with units of millimeters per pentad, called the Climate Hazards Group IR Precipitation (CHIRP). In the second part of the process, stations are blended with the CHIRP data to produce the final product, CHIRPS
Input Description None
Output Description None
Software Reference None
  • var_id: precip
  • units: mm/day
  • long_name: Climate Hazards group InfraRed Precipitation with Stations
  • standard_name: convective precipitation rate
  • names: Climate Hazards group InfraRed Precipitation with Stations, convective precipitation rate

Co-ordinate Variables

  • units: degrees_north
  • standard_name: latitude
  • var_id: latitude
  • long_name: latitude
  • names: latitude
  • units: degrees_east
  • standard_name: longitude
  • var_id: longitude
  • long_name: longitude
  • names: longitude
  • standard_name: time
  • var_id: time
  • names: time
Temporal Range
Start time:
End time:
Geographic Extent

Related parties
Publishers (1)