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EUSTACE/GlobTemperature: Global clear-sky land surface temperature data from MODIS Terra on the satellite swath with estimates of uncertainty components, v2.1, 2000-2016

Update Frequency: Not Planned
Latest Data Update: 2020-04-29
Status: Completed
Online Status: ONLINE
Publication State: Citable
Publication Date: 2019-03-18
DOI Publication Date: 2019-03-18
Download Stats: last 12 months
Dataset Size: 3.41M Files | 29TB


This dataset consists of Land Surface Temperature (LST) data with uncertainty estimates, from the MODIS instrument on NASA's Terra satellite. It forms part of the collection of datasets from the EUSTACE (EU Surface Temperature for All Corners of Earth) project, which is producing publicly available daily estimates of surface air temperature since 1850 across the globe for the first time by combining surface and satellite data using novel statistical techniques.

The Level 2 Land Surface Temperature data in this dataset has been retrieved from MODIS Collection 6 L1B calibrated radiances, in the context of the GlobTemperature project, but new uncertainty estimates have been added as part of the EUSTACE project. This version of the LST dataset is v2.1 of the GT_MOG_2P product, with earlier versions produced under the GlobTemperature project. It consists of a complete set of LST and accompanying auxiliary (AUX) datafiles for the MODIS-Terra mission for the period 2000 to 2016. An equivalent dataset is also available for MODIS-Aqua.

Citable as:  Ghent, D.; Veal, K.; Dodd, E. (2019): EUSTACE/GlobTemperature: Global clear-sky land surface temperature data from MODIS Terra on the satellite swath with estimates of uncertainty components, v2.1, 2000-2016. Centre for Environmental Data Analysis, 18 March 2019. doi:10.5285/655866af94cd4fa6af67809657b275c3.
Abbreviation: Not defined
Keywords: eustace, land surface temperature, LST


Previous Info:
No news update for this record
Previously used record identifiers:
No related previous identifiers.
Access rules:
Public data: access to these data is available to both registered and non-registered users.
Use of these data is covered by the following licence: When using these data you must cite them correctly using the citation given on the CEDA Data Catalogue record.
Data lineage:

Data are provided and archived for the EU EUSTACE project, which has received funding by the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and inovation programme under grant agreement no 640171.
The Land Surface Temperature data was originally retrieved in the context of the ESA DUE GlobTemperature project, but new uncertainty estimates have been added in the context of the EUSTACE project. The MODIS data was acquired from the NASA Land Processes Distributed Active Archive Center (LP DAAC).

Data Quality:
Data format checked
File Format:
Data are in NetCDF

Process overview

This dataset was generated by a combination of instruments deployed on platforms and computations as detailed below.

Mobile platform operations

Mobile Platform Operation 1 Terra Satellite orbit details

Computation Element: 1

Title GlobTemperature Level-2 MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) algorithm
Abstract The GlobTemperature Level-2 MODIS Land Surface Temperature (LST) algorithm derives LST data from L1B calibrated radiances from the MODIS instruments on the Aqua and Terra Satellites. It uses a generalized split-window (SW) approach to estimate Land Surface Temperature as a linear function of clear-sky TOA (top of atmosphere) brightness temperatures from MODIS bands 31 and 32 centred on 11 and 12 microns respectively. The GlobTemperature MODIS product also provides a full breakdown of the pixel level uncertainty budget. The uncertainty analysis takes into account the expected performance of the retrieval algorithm under varying surface and atmospheric conditions, with these uncertainties categorised into a 3-component model: random, locally correlated and systematic. The locally correlated component is further split into surface and atmospheric conditions.
Input Description None
Output Description None
Software Reference None
Output Description


  • long_name: channel name
  • var_id: channel
  • units: 1
  • var_id: LST
  • long_name: land surface temperature
  • units: K
  • standard_name: surface_temperature
  • long_name: land surface temperature large scale systematic uncertainty
  • units: K
  • var_id: LST_unc_sys
  • units: K
  • var_id: LST_unc_loc_atm
  • long_name: land surface temperature locally correlated atmosphere uncertainty
  • units: K
  • var_id: LST_unc_loc_sfc
  • long_name: land surface temperature locally correlated surface uncertainty
  • units: K
  • var_id: LST_unc_ran
  • long_name: land surface temperature random uncertainty
  • units: K
  • var_id: LST_uncertainty
  • long_name: land surface temperature uncertainty
  • long_name: land/water mask
  • units: 1
  • var_id: lwm
  • long_name: quality control flags
  • units: 1
  • var_id: QC
  • long_name: reference_time
  • var_id: jul_date
  • units: d
  • units: degree
  • var_id: sataz
  • long_name: satellite azimuth angle
  • long_name: satellite zenith angle
  • units: degree
  • var_id: satze
  • units: degree
  • standard_name: solar_azimuth_angle
  • var_id: solaz
  • long_name: solar azimuth angle
  • long_name: solar zenith angle
  • standard_name: solar_zenith_angle
  • var_id: solze
  • units: degree
  • long_name: surface elevation
  • var_id: elevation
  • units: m
  • var_id: emis
  • standard_name: surface_longwave_emissivity
  • long_name: surface emissivity
  • units: 1
  • units: kg m-2
  • var_id: tcwv
  • standard_name: atmosphere_mass_content_of_water_vapor
  • long_name: total column water vapour

Co-ordinate Variables

  • long_name: centre latitude
  • units: degrees_north
  • var_id: lat
  • standard_name: latitude
  • long_name: centre longitude
  • standard_name: longitude
  • units: degrees_east
  • var_id: lon
  • standard_name: time
  • units: seconds
  • long_name: time difference from reference time
  • var_id: dtime
Temporal Range
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Geographic Extent