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Update Frequency: Not Planned
Latest Data Update: 2019-10-26
Status: Superseded
Online Status: ONLINE
Publication State: Citable
Publication Date: 2019-10-30
DOI Publication Date: 2019-10-30
Download Stats: last 12 months
Dataset Size: 22.81K Files | 4GB

This dataset has been superseded. See Latest Version here

The UK soil temperature data contain daily and hourly values of soil temperatures at depths of 5, 10, 20, 30, 50, and 100 centimetres. The measurements were recorded by observation stations operated by the Met Office across the UK and transmitted within NCM or DLY3208 messages. The data spans from 1900 to 2018.

This version supersedes the previous version of this dataset and a change log is available in the archive, and in the linked documentation for this record, detailing the differences between this version and the previous version. The change logs detail new, replaced and removed data.

At many stations temperatures below the surface are measured at various depths. The depths used today are 5, 10, 20, 30 and 100cm, although measurements are not necessarily made at all these depths at a station and exceptionally measurements may be made at other depths. When imperial units were in general use, typically before 1961, the normal depths of measurement were 4, 8, 12, 24 and 48 inches.

Liquid-in-glass soil thermometers at a depth of 20 cm or less are unsheathed and have a bend in the stem between the bulb and the lowest graduation. At greater depths the thermometer is suspended in a steel tube and has its bulb encased in wax.

This dataset is part of the Midas-open dataset collection made available by the Met Office under the UK Open Government Licence, containing only UK mainland land surface observations owned or operated by the Met Office. It is a subset of the fuller, restricted Met Office Integrated Data Archive System (MIDAS) Land and Marine Surface Stations dataset, also available through the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis - see the related dataset section on this record.

This dataset is part of a larger dataset, citable as:  Met Office (2006): MIDAS: UK Soil Temperature Data. NCAS British Atmospheric Data Centre, date of citation.
Cite this sub-set dataset as:  Met Office (2019): MIDAS Open: UK soil temperature data, v201908. Centre for Environmental Data Analysis, 30 October 2019. doi:10.5285/9972bc173ef94068b2070d4b26f849a7.
Abbreviation: Not defined
Keywords: Met Office, MIDAS, UK, meteorology, soil temperatures


Previous Info:
No news update for this record
Previously used record identifiers:
No related previous identifiers.
Access rules:
Access to these data is available to any registered CEDA user. Please Login or Register for an account to gain access.
Use of these data is covered by the following licence: When using these data you must cite them correctly using the citation given on the CEDA Data Catalogue record.
Data lineage:

Data collated by the Met Office and archived in the Met Office's MIDAS database. Data are extracted from a sub-set of available tables and delivered to Centre for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA) approximately on a yearly basis.

Data Quality:
Data undergo quality checking by the Met Office. State of the data in the quality control process and level of data quality are indicated using version numbers and quality control flagging with the data. See documentation about how to use the quality control flagging and version numbers. There are also some known data from commissioning trials in the data, which are given a src_id of 99999. These should be ignored by the user.
File Format:
Data are BADC-CSV formatted.

Process overview

This dataset was generated by instruments deployed on platforms as listed below.
Output Description


  • long_name: 100cm soil temperature
  • long_name: 10cm soil temperature
  • long_name: 20cm soil temperature
  • long_name: 30cm soil temperature
  • long_name: 50cm soil temperature
  • long_name: 5cm soil temperature
  • long_name: Date and time of observation
  • long_name: Descriptor: 100cm soil temperature
  • long_name: Descriptor: 10cm soil temperature
  • long_name: Descriptor: 20cm soil temperature
  • long_name: Descriptor: 30cm soil temperature
  • long_name: Descriptor: 50cm soil temperature
  • long_name: Descriptor: 5cm soil temperature
  • long_name: Elapsed time to storage in MIDAS
  • long_name: Met Office receipt stamp time
  • long_name: QC code: 100cm soil temperature
  • long_name: QC code: 10cm soil temperature
  • long_name: QC code: 20cm soil temperature
  • long_name: QC code: 30cm soil temperature
  • long_name: QC code: 50cm soil temperature
  • long_name: QC code: 5cm soil temperature
  • long_name: The filename used for this station
  • long_name: The identifier associated with a particular report type for this station
  • long_name: The identifier type associated with a particular reporting capability for this station
  • long_name: The name for this station
  • long_name: The station elevation
  • long_name: The station latitude (WGS84)
  • long_name: The station longitude (WGS84)
  • long_name: The unique MIDAS identifier for the station
  • long_name: first year of data associated with this id/id_type in this version of this dataset
  • long_name: first year of data associated with this station in this dataset
  • long_name: identifier type
  • long_name: last year of data associated with this id/id_type in this version of this dataset
  • long_name: last year of data associated with this station in this dataset
  • long_name: message type
  • long_name: midas qc version number
  • long_name: state indicator for the record
  • long_name: station identifier
  • long_name: the historic county this station is within
  • long_name: unique source identifier or station site number

Co-ordinate Variables

Temporal Range
Start time:
End time:
Geographic Extent

Related parties
Authors (1)
Funders (1)
Principal Investigators (1)