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ESA Land Cover Climate Change Initiative (Land_Cover_cci): Global Land Cover Maps, Version 2.0.7

Update Frequency: Not Planned
Latest Data Update: 2019-11-28
Status: Completed
Online Status: ONLINE
Publication State: Published
Publication Date: 2019-11-29
Download Stats: last 12 months
Dataset Size: 57 Files | 67GB


As part of the ESA Land Cover Climate Change Initiative (CCI) project a new set of Global Land Cover Maps have been produced. These maps are available at 300m spatial resolution for each year between 1992 and 2015.

Each pixel value corresponds to the classification of a land cover class defined based on the UN Land Cover Classification System (LCCS). The reliability of the classifications made are documented by the four quality flags (decribed further in the Product User Guide) that accompany these maps. Data are provided in both NetCDF and GeoTiff format.

Further Land Cover CCI products, user tools and a product viewer are available at: . Maps for the 2016-2020 time period have been produced in the context of the Copernicus Climate Change service, and can be downloaded from the Copernicus Climate Data Store (CDS).

Citable as:  ESA Land Cover CCI project team; Defourny, P. (2019): ESA Land Cover Climate Change Initiative (Land_Cover_cci): Global Land Cover Maps, Version 2.0.7. Centre for Environmental Data Analysis, date of citation.
Abbreviation: Not defined
Keywords: Land Cover, CCI


Previous Info:
No news update for this record
Previously used record identifiers:
No related previous identifiers.
Access rules:
Public data: access to these data is available to both registered and non-registered users.
Use of these data is covered by the following licence: When using these data you must cite them correctly using the citation given on the CEDA Data Catalogue record.
Data lineage:

Data were processed by the ESA CCI Land Cover project and supplied to CEDA in the context of the ESA CCI Open Data Portal Project

Data Quality:
Data are as provided by the land cover CCI team. Quality flag information is provided with the NetCDF data and as separate geotiff files. For further information see the land cover CCI documentation
File Format:
Data are netCDF and geotiff formatted.

Process overview

This dataset was generated by the computation detailed below.

Global Land Cover Maps, Version 2.0.7


The set of annual land cover (LC) maps are derived from a unique baseline LC map which is generated thanks to the entire MERIS FR (Full Resolution) and RR (Reduced Resolution) archive from 2003 to 2012. Independently from this baseline, LC changes are detected at 1 km based on a time series of annual global classifications generated from AVHRR HRPT (1992 - 1999), SPOT-Vegetation (1999 - 2012) and PROBA-V (2013 - 2015). Systematic analysis of the temporal trajectory of each pixel allowed the depiction of the major changes for a simplified land cover typology matching the IPCC classes. These classes are: cropland, forest, grassland, wetlands, settlements and other lands; the latter class being further split into shrubland, sparse vegetation, bare area and water.

When MERIS FR or PROBA-V time series are available, the changes detected at 1km are re-mapped at 300 meters. The last step consists in back- and up-dating the 10-year baseline LC map to produce the 24 annual LC maps from 1992 to 2015.

Input Description


Output Description


Software Reference


  • long_name: LC map processed area flag
  • standard_name: land_cover_lccs status_flag
  • var_id: processed_flag
  • names: LC map processed area flag, land_cover_lccs status_flag
  • standard_name: land_cover_lccs status_flag
  • long_name: LC pixel type mask
  • var_id: current_pixel_state
  • names: land_cover_lccs status_flag, LC pixel type mask
  • standard_name: land_cover_lccs
  • long_name: Land cover class defined in LCCS
  • var_id: lccs_class
  • names: land_cover_lccs, Land cover class defined in LCCS
  • var_id: crs
  • long_name: number of class changes
  • var_id: change_count
  • names: number of class changes
  • long_name: number of valid observations
  • standard_name: land_cover_lccs number_of_observations
  • var_id: observation_count
  • names: number of valid observations, land_cover_lccs number_of_observations

Co-ordinate Variables

  • units: degrees_north
  • standard_name: latitude
  • long_name: latitude
  • var_id: lat
  • names: latitude
  • units: degrees_east
  • standard_name: longitude
  • long_name: longitude
  • var_id: lon
  • names: longitude
Temporal Range
Start time:
End time:
Geographic Extent