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Dataset Collection


Landsat 4 and 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery collection

Status: Not defined
Publication State: published


Landsat 4 and Landsat 5 carry both the TM (thematic mapper) and the MSS (multi-spectral scanner) sensors, though routine collection of MSS data was terminated in late 1992. The satellites orbit at an altitude of 705 km and provide a 16-day, 233-orbit cycle with a swath overlap that varies from 7 percent at the Equator to nearly 84 percent at 81 degrees north or south latitude. Landsat data is widely used in many fields including geology, agriculture, resource management, climate analysis etc. The Landsat program is jointly managed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the US Geological Survey (USGS). The NERC Earth Observation Data Centre (NEODC) now also holds the data. The cost of retrieving data from these satellites is now prohibitive and they are now obsolete; in 1993 Landsat 6 failed to achieve orbit but the launch of Landsat 7 in 1999 provided open source data at less than commercial prices. See Landsat 7 article.

Note: Gaining access to the Landsat 4/5 TM data will also automatically give you access to the Landsat 7 etm data also held at the NEODC

Citable as:National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2007): Landsat 4 and 5 Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery collection. NERC Earth Observation Data Centre, date of citation.
Abbreviation: landsat45tm
Keywords: Not defined


Previous Info:
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More Information (under review)

Data availability and file format

NEODC archive is available here to search NEODC holdings of Landsat 4 & 5 TM data or use the Interactive Map

To browse the original data producer's archive click here: USGS Eros Data Centre.

Other suppliers are available here:

The file format is ESA CEOS Landsat format - Details on how to open those types of files is available at


The Landsat TM sensor is a nadir-viewing, seven-band multi-spectral scanning radiometer capable of providing low to medium-resolution imaging information of the Earth's surface. The TM data are scanned simultaneously in seven spectral bands. Band 6 scans thermal (heat) infrared radiation. Spectral and spatial characteristics of these bands are shown in Table 1, below (For MSS details see Landsat MSS 1-5 document)

Band no. Spectral range (µm) Ground resolution (m)
1 .450 to .520 30
2 .520 to .600 30
3 .630 to .690 30
4 .775 to .900 30
5 1.550 to 1.750 30
6 10.40 to 12.50 120
7 2.080 to 2.350 30

Table 1 LANDSAT-4 and 5 TM band characteristics.

Landsat 5 information is also available on the web here

Temporal Range
Start time:
End time:
Geographic Extent