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MCD64A1 - Combined Level 3 Direct Broadcast Burned Area Monthly Global 500m SIN Grid

Update Frequency: As Needed
Latest Data Update: 2022-11-18
Status: Ongoing
Online Status: ONLINE
Publication State: Published
Publication Date: 2021-04-15
Download Stats: last 12 months
Dataset Size: 70.75K Files | 126GB


These data are a copy of MODIS data from the NASA Level-1 and Atmosphere Archive & Distribution System (LAADS) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC). The copy is potentially only a subset. Below is the description from

MCD64A1 Burned Area Product is a monthly Level-3 gridded 500-meter product containing per-pixel burning and quality information, and tile-level metadata.

The MODIS Collection 6 burned-area mapping approach employs daily 500-m MODIS surface reflectance data coupled with 1-km MODIS active fire observations. The hybrid algorithm applies dynamic thresholds to composite imagery generated from a burn-sensitive vegetation index derived from MODIS short-wave infrared channels 5 and 7, and a measure of temporal texture. Cumulative active fire maps are used to guide the selection of burned and unburned training samples and to guide the specification of prior probabilities. The combined use of active-fire and reflectance data enables the algorithm to adapt regionally over a wide range of pre- and post-burn conditions and across multiple ecosystems.

Shortname: MCD64A1 , Platform: Combined Aqua Terra , Instrument: MODIS , Processing Level: Level-3 , Spatial Resolution: 500 m , Temporal Resolution: monthly , ArchiveSets: 6 , Collection: MODIS Collection 6 (ArchiveSet 6) , PGE Number: PGE134 , File Naming Convention: MCD64A1.AYYYYDDD.hHHvVV.CCC.YYYYDDDHHMMSS.hdf YYYYDDD = Year and Day of Year of acquisition hHH = Horizontal tile number (0-35) vVV = Vertical tile number (0-17) CCC = Collection number YYYYDDDHHMMSS = Production Date and Time , Keywords: Climate Change, Fires, Wildfires

Citable as:  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2021): MCD64A1 - Combined Level 3 Direct Broadcast Burned Area Monthly Global 500m SIN Grid. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, date of citation.
Abbreviation: MCD64A1
Keywords: Climate Change, Fires, Wildfires


Previous Info:
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Previously used record identifiers:
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Access rules:
Public data: access to these data is available to both registered and non-registered users.
Use of these data is covered by the following licence: When using these data you must cite them correctly using the citation given on the CEDA Data Catalogue record.
Data lineage:

Data were downloaded from to support UK research groups, especially NCEO.

Data Quality:
Look on the data source site ( for quality information
File Format:

Process overview

This dataset was generated by instruments deployed on platforms as listed below.

Mobile platform operations

Mobile Platform Operation 1 Terra Satellite orbit details
Mobile Platform Operation 2 Aqua Satellite orbit details
Output Description


  • units: bit field
  • var_id: QA
  • var_id: First Day
  • long_name: first day of reliable change detection
  • var_id: Last Day
  • long_name: last day of reliable change detection
  • var_id: Burn Date
  • long_name: ordinal day of burn
  • units: days
  • var_id: Burn Date Uncertainty
  • long_name: uncertainty in day of burn

Co-ordinate Variables

Temporal Range
Start time:
End time:
Geographic Extent