HadISD: Global sub-daily, surface meteorological station data, 1931-2021, v22.214.171.1241f
This is version v126.96.36.1991f of Met Office Hadley Centre's Integrated Surface Database, HadISD. These data are global sub-daily surface meteorological data.
The quality controlled variables in this dataset are: temperature, dewpoint temperature, sea-level pressure, wind speed and direction, cloud data (total, low, mid and high level). Past significant weather and precipitation data are also included, but have not been quality controlled, so their quality and completeness cannot be guaranteed. Quality control flags and data values which have been removed during the quality control process are provided in the qc_flags and flagged_values fields, and ancillary data files show the station listing with a station listing with IDs, names and location information.
The data are provided as one NetCDF file per station. Files in the station_data folder station data files have the format "station_code"_HadISD_HadOBS_19310101-20220101_v188.8.131.521f.nc. The station codes can be found under the docs tab. The station codes file has five columns as follows: 1) station code, 2) station name 3) station latitude 4) station longitude 5) station height.
To keep informed about updates, news and announcements follow the HadOBS team on twitter @metofficeHadOBS.
For more detailed information e.g bug fixes, routine updates and other exploratory analysis, see the HadISD blog: http://hadisd.blogspot.co.uk/
When using the dataset in a paper you must cite the following papers (see Docs for link to the publications) and this dataset (using the "citable as" reference) :
Dunn, R. J. H., (2019), HadISD version 3: monthly updates, Hadley Centre Technical Note.
Dunn, R. J. H., Willett, K. M., Parker, D. E., and Mitchell, L.: Expanding HadISD: quality-controlled, sub-daily station data from 1931, Geosci. Instrum. Method. Data Syst., 5, 473-491, doi:10.5194/gi-5-473-2016, 2016.
Dunn, R. J. H., et al. (2012), HadISD: A Quality Controlled global synoptic report database for selected variables at long-term stations from 1973-2011, Clim. Past, 8, 1649-1679, 2012, doi:10.5194/cp-8-1649-2012
Smith, A., N. Lott, and R. Vose, 2011: The Integrated Surface Database: Recent Developments and Partnerships. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 704–708, doi:10.1175/2011BAMS3015.1
For a homogeneity assessment of HadISD please see this following reference
Dunn, R. J. H., K. M. Willett, C. P. Morice, and D. E. Parker. "Pairwise homogeneity assessment of HadISD." Climate of the Past 10, no. 4 (2014): 1501-1522. doi:10.5194/cp-10-1501-2014, 2014.
No news update for this record
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No related previous identifiers.
Public data: access to these data is available to both registered and non-registered users.
Use of these data is covered by the following licence: http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/non-commercial-government-licence/version/2/. When using these data you must cite them correctly using the citation given on the CEDA Data Catalogue record.
HadISD the global sub-daily station dataset was produced by the Met Office Hadley Centre. It was derived from the Integrated Surface Dataset (ISD) from NOAA's National Climatic Data Center (NCDC). HadISD has been passed to the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA) for archiving and distribution.
CF-Compliant NetCDF, see documentation for quality control processes used to produce these data. These data are quality controlled by the data provider, the Met Office Hadley Centre (MOHC) and not the Centre for Environmental Data Analysis (CEDA)
Data are NetCDF formatted.
|Title||HadISD station data processing performed at the Met Office Hadley Centre|
|Abstract||The HadISD station data were produced by the Met Office Hadley Centre. Individual station data within the ISD were selected selected on the basis of their length of record and reporting frequency. A merging algorithm using their location, elevation and station name identified candidates suitable to combine together. All stations were passed through a suite of automated quality control tests designed to remove bad data whilst keeping the extremes. None of the ISD flags were used in this process. The QC tests focussed on the temperature, dewpoint temperature and sea-level pressure variables, although some were applied to the wind speed and direction and cloud data. The data files also contain other variables which were pulled through from the raw ISD record, but have had no QC applied (e.g. cloud base and precipitation depth). Note: These data have not yet been homogenised and so trend fitting should be undertaken with caution. The homogeneity has been assessed and results are available from the Met Office Hadley Centre HadISD website: http://www.metoffice.gov.uk/hadobs/hadisd/. For further details see: Dunn, R. J. H., et al., (2016), Expanding HadISD: quality-controlled, sub-daily station data from 1931, Geoscientific Instrumentation, Methods and Data Systems, and Dunn, R. J. H., et al. (2012), HadISD: A Quality Controlled global synoptic report database for selected variables at long-term stations from 1973-2011, Climate of the Past. Dunn, R. J. H., et al. (2014), Pairwise Homogeneity Assessment of HadISD, Climate of the Past, 10, 1501-1522 (see Docs for links to publications).|