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Dataset

 

MIDAS: UK Hourly Weather Observation Data

Update Frequency: Monthly
Status: Ongoing
Online Status: ONLINE
Publication State: Published
Publication Date: 2006-07-27
Download Stats: last 12 months

Abstract

The UK hourly weather observation data contain meteorological values measured on an hourly time scale. The measurements of the concrete state, wind speed and direction, cloud type and amount, visibility, and temperature were recorded by observation stations across the UK and transmitted within SYNOP, METAR, DLY3208, AWSHRLY and NCM messages. The sunshine duration measurements were transmitted in the HSUN3445 message. The data spans from 1875 to present.

This dataset also contains data from a selection of overseas sites:
SRC_ID STATION STATUS LAST DATA
1580 GUTERSLOH CLOSED 28/10/2013 13:00
1582 BRUGGEN CLOSED 29/09/2001 05:00
1584 LAARBRUCH CLOSED 14/05/1999 23:00
1585 GIBRALTAR, NORTH FRONT OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00
1588 AKROTIRI, CYPRUS OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00
1603 ASCENSION ISLAND AIRFIELD OPEN 02/02/2020 21:00
1605 BOTTOMS WOOD, ST HELENA OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00
1608 PORT STANLEY, FALKLAND IS CLOSED 31/12/1980 23:00
1609 MOUNT PLEASANT, FALKLAND IS OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00
56810 MOUNT OLYMPUS OPEN 16/04/2019 09:00
61737 MOUNT KENT, FALKLAND ISLANDS OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00
61743 MOUNT BYRON, FALKLAND ISLANDS OPEN 03/02/2020 09:00
61744 MOUNT ALICE, FALKLAND ISLANDS OPEN 02/02/2020 05:00

Citable as:  Met Office (2006): MIDAS: UK Hourly Weather Observation Data. NCAS British Atmospheric Data Centre, date of citation. https://catalogue.ceda.ac.uk/uuid/916ac4bbc46f7685ae9a5e10451bae7c
Abbreviation: Not defined
Keywords: Met Office, MIDAS, UK, meteorology, hourly

Details

Previous Info:
No news update for this record
Previously used record identifiers:
http://badc.nerc.ac.uk/view/badc.nerc.ac.uk__ATOM__ACTIVITY_282ef3b2-d7c5-11e1-9988-00163e251233
Access rules:
Restricted data: please submit an application using the REQUEST ACCESS link for access.
Use of these data is covered by the following licence: http://licences.ceda.ac.uk/image/data_access_condition/ukmo_agreement.pdf. When using these data you must cite them correctly using the citation given on the CEDA Data Catalogue record.
Data lineage:

Data collated by the Met Office and archived in the Met Office's MIDAS database. Data are extracted from a sub-set of available tables and delivered to BADC approximately on a monthly basis as flat files.

Data Quality:
Data undergo quality checking by the Met Office. State of the data in the quality control process and level of data quality are indicated using version numbers and quality control flagging with the data. See documentation about how to use the quality control flagging and version numbers. There are also some known data from commissioning trials in the data, which are given a src_id of 99999. These should be ignored by the user.
File Format:
Data are ASCII formatted

Process overview

This dataset was generated by instruments deployed on platforms as listed below.

Instrument/Platform pairings

Thermometer Deployed on: Land SYNOP (surface synoptic observations) Station Network
Visiometer Deployed on: Land SYNOP (surface synoptic observations) Station Network
Station Observer Deployed on: Land SYNOP (surface synoptic observations) Station Network
Sunshine Recorder Deployed on: Land SYNOP (surface synoptic observations) Station Network
Raingauge Deployed on: Land SYNOP (surface synoptic observations) Station Network
Cloud Recorder Deployed on: Land SYNOP (surface synoptic observations) Station Network
Snow Depth Sensor Deployed on: Land SYNOP (surface synoptic observations) Station Network
Present (and Past) Weather Sensor Deployed on: Land SYNOP (surface synoptic observations) Station Network
Thermometer Deployed on: METAR (MEteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report) Station Network
Visiometer Deployed on: METAR (MEteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report) Station Network
Station Observer Deployed on: METAR (MEteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report) Station Network
Sunshine Recorder Deployed on: METAR (MEteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report) Station Network
Raingauge Deployed on: METAR (MEteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report) Station Network
Cloud Recorder Deployed on: METAR (MEteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report) Station Network
Snow Depth Sensor Deployed on: METAR (MEteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report) Station Network
Present (and Past) Weather Sensor Deployed on: METAR (MEteorological Terminal Aviation Routine Weather Report) Station Network
Thermometer Deployed on: NCM (National Climate Message) Station Network
Visiometer Deployed on: NCM (National Climate Message) Station Network
Station Observer Deployed on: NCM (National Climate Message) Station Network
Sunshine Recorder Deployed on: NCM (National Climate Message) Station Network
Raingauge Deployed on: NCM (National Climate Message) Station Network
Cloud Recorder Deployed on: NCM (National Climate Message) Station Network
Snow Depth Sensor Deployed on: NCM (National Climate Message) Station Network
Present (and Past) Weather Sensor Deployed on: NCM (National Climate Message) Station Network
Thermometer Deployed on: DLY3208 (Daily observations from Metform 3208) Station Network
Visiometer Deployed on: DLY3208 (Daily observations from Metform 3208) Station Network
Station Observer Deployed on: DLY3208 (Daily observations from Metform 3208) Station Network
Sunshine Recorder Deployed on: DLY3208 (Daily observations from Metform 3208) Station Network
Raingauge Deployed on: DLY3208 (Daily observations from Metform 3208) Station Network
Cloud Recorder Deployed on: DLY3208 (Daily observations from Metform 3208) Station Network
Snow Depth Sensor Deployed on: DLY3208 (Daily observations from Metform 3208) Station Network
Present (and Past) Weather Sensor Deployed on: DLY3208 (Daily observations from Metform 3208) Station Network
Thermometer Deployed on: AWSHRLY (Automatic Weather Station Hourly values) Station Network
Visiometer Deployed on: AWSHRLY (Automatic Weather Station Hourly values) Station Network
Station Observer Deployed on: AWSHRLY (Automatic Weather Station Hourly values) Station Network
Sunshine Recorder Deployed on: AWSHRLY (Automatic Weather Station Hourly values) Station Network
Raingauge Deployed on: AWSHRLY (Automatic Weather Station Hourly values) Station Network
Cloud Recorder Deployed on: AWSHRLY (Automatic Weather Station Hourly values) Station Network
Snow Depth Sensor Deployed on: AWSHRLY (Automatic Weather Station Hourly values) Station Network
Present (and Past) Weather Sensor Deployed on: AWSHRLY (Automatic Weather Station Hourly values) Station Network
Thermometer Deployed on: HSUN3445 (Hourly values of SUNshine duration from Metform 3445) Station Network
Visiometer Deployed on: HSUN3445 (Hourly values of SUNshine duration from Metform 3445) Station Network
Station Observer Deployed on: HSUN3445 (Hourly values of SUNshine duration from Metform 3445) Station Network
Sunshine Recorder Deployed on: HSUN3445 (Hourly values of SUNshine duration from Metform 3445) Station Network
Raingauge Deployed on: HSUN3445 (Hourly values of SUNshine duration from Metform 3445) Station Network
Cloud Recorder Deployed on: HSUN3445 (Hourly values of SUNshine duration from Metform 3445) Station Network
Snow Depth Sensor Deployed on: HSUN3445 (Hourly values of SUNshine duration from Metform 3445) Station Network
Present (and Past) Weather Sensor Deployed on: HSUN3445 (Hourly values of SUNshine duration from Metform 3445) Station Network
Output Description None
  • units: knots
  • long_name: 10 minute maximum gust speed
  • names: 10 minute maximum gust speed
  • units: degC
  • long_name: Air temperature
  • names: Air temperature
  • units: hPa
  • long_name: Altimeter pressure
  • names: Altimeter pressure
  • long_name: Atmospheric Winds
  • gcmd_url: http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P131/4/GTER0027
  • gcmd_keyword: Atmospheric Winds
  • names: Atmospheric Winds, http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P131/4/GTER0027
  • units: %
  • long_name: Calculated relative humidity
  • names: Calculated relative humidity
  • units: hours
  • long_name: Campbell-stokes hour sunshine duration
  • names: Campbell-stokes hour sunshine duration
  • units: s
  • long_name: Date and time of observation
  • names: Date and time of observation
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - 10 min maximum gust speed
  • names: Descriptor - 10 min maximum gust speed
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - air temperature
  • names: Descriptor - air temperature
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - altimiter pressure
  • names: Descriptor - altimiter pressure
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - cloud amount id
  • names: Descriptor - cloud amount id
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - cloud base height
  • names: Descriptor - cloud base height
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - dewpoint temperature
  • names: Descriptor - dewpoint temperature
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - msl pressure
  • names: Descriptor - msl pressure
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - past weather code #1
  • names: Descriptor - past weather code #1
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - past weather code #2
  • names: Descriptor - past weather code #2
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - present weather code
  • names: Descriptor - present weather code
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - station pressure
  • names: Descriptor - station pressure
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - vertical visibility
  • names: Descriptor - vertical visibility
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - visibility
  • names: Descriptor - visibility
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - wetbulb temperature
  • names: Descriptor - wetbulb temperature
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - wind direction
  • names: Descriptor - wind direction
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Descriptor - wind speed
  • names: Descriptor - wind speed
  • units: degC
  • long_name: Dewpoint temperature
  • names: Dewpoint temperature
  • units: minutes
  • long_name: Elapsed time to storage in MIDAS
  • names: Elapsed time to storage in MIDAS
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Ground state code (see documentation)
  • names: Ground state code (see documentation)
  • long_name: Lightning
  • gcmd_url: http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P041/4/G171
  • gcmd_keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Electricity > Lightning
  • names: http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P041/4/G171, EARTH SCIENCE > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Electricity > Lightning
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Met Office receipt stamp time
  • names: Met Office receipt stamp time
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - 10 min maximum gust speed
  • names: QC code - 10 min maximum gust speed
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - air temperature
  • names: QC code - air temperature
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - altimiter pressure
  • names: QC code - altimiter pressure
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - campbell-stokes hour sunshine
  • names: QC code - campbell-stokes hour sunshine
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud base amount
  • names: QC code - cloud base amount
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud base height
  • names: QC code - cloud base height
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud base height code #1
  • names: QC code - cloud base height code #1
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud base height code #2
  • names: QC code - cloud base height code #2
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud base height code #3
  • names: QC code - cloud base height code #3
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud base height code #4
  • names: QC code - cloud base height code #4
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud total amount
  • names: QC code - cloud total amount
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud type code #1
  • names: QC code - cloud type code #1
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud type code #2
  • names: QC code - cloud type code #2
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud type code #3
  • names: QC code - cloud type code #3
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - cloud type code #4
  • names: QC code - cloud type code #4
  • units: hours
  • long_name: QC code - derived hour sunshine
  • names: QC code - derived hour sunshine
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - dewpoint temperature
  • names: QC code - dewpoint temperature
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - ground state code
  • names: QC code - ground state code
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - high cloud type code
  • names: QC code - high cloud type code
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - layer cloud amount #1
  • names: QC code - layer cloud amount #1
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - layer cloud amount #2
  • names: QC code - layer cloud amount #2
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - layer cloud amount #3
  • names: QC code - layer cloud amount #3
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - layer cloud amount #4
  • names: QC code - layer cloud amount #4
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - low cloud type code
  • names: QC code - low cloud type code
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - medium cloud type code
  • names: QC code - medium cloud type code
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - msl pressure
  • names: QC code - msl pressure
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - past weather code #1
  • names: QC code - past weather code #1
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - past weather code #2
  • names: QC code - past weather code #2
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - present weather
  • names: QC code - present weather
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - snow depth
  • names: QC code - snow depth
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - station pressure
  • names: QC code - station pressure
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - vertical visibility
  • names: QC code - vertical visibility
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - visibility
  • names: QC code - visibility
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - wetbulb temperature
  • names: QC code - wetbulb temperature
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - wind direction
  • names: QC code - wind direction
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - wind speed
  • names: QC code - wind speed
  • units: 1
  • long_name: QC code - wmo hour sunshine
  • names: QC code - wmo hour sunshine
  • long_name: Rain
  • gcmd_url: http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P041/4/G288
  • gcmd_keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Rain
  • names: EARTH SCIENCE > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Rain, http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P041/4/G288
  • long_name: Snow
  • gcmd_url: http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P041/4/G290
  • gcmd_keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Snow
  • names: http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P041/4/G290, EARTH SCIENCE > Atmosphere > Precipitation > Snow
  • long_name: Snow Depth
  • gcmd_url: http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P141/4/GVAR0768
  • gcmd_keyword: Snow Depth
  • names: Snow Depth, http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P141/4/GVAR0768
  • units: cm
  • long_name: Snow depth
  • names: Snow depth
  • units: hPa
  • long_name: Station air pressure
  • names: Station air pressure
  • long_name: Sunshine
  • gcmd_url: http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P041/4/G217
  • gcmd_keyword: EARTH SCIENCE > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Radiation > Sunshine
  • names: EARTH SCIENCE > Atmosphere > Atmospheric Radiation > Sunshine, http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P041/4/G217
  • long_name: Surface Winds
  • gcmd_url: http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P141/4/GVAR0853
  • gcmd_keyword: Surface Winds
  • names: http://vocab.ndg.nerc.ac.uk/term/P141/4/GVAR0853, Surface Winds
  • long_name: Total cloud amount code
  • units: Oktas
  • names: Total cloud amount code
  • units: hours
  • long_name: WMO hour sunshine duration
  • names: WMO hour sunshine duration
  • units: degC
  • long_name: Wetbulb temperature
  • names: Wetbulb temperature
  • units: 1
  • long_name: Wind speed unit code
  • names: Wind speed unit code
  • units: 1
  • long_name: cavok flag
  • names: cavok flag
  • units: 1
  • long_name: cloud base amount code (see documentation)
  • names: cloud base amount code (see documentation)
  • long_name: cloud base height code
  • units: decametres
  • names: cloud base height code
  • long_name: cloud base height code #1
  • units: decametres
  • names: cloud base height code #1
  • long_name: cloud base height code #2
  • units: decametres
  • names: cloud base height code #2
  • long_name: cloud base height code #3
  • units: decametres
  • names: cloud base height code #3
  • long_name: cloud base height code #4
  • units: decametres
  • names: cloud base height code #4
  • units: 1
  • long_name: cloud type code #1
  • names: cloud type code #1
  • units: 1
  • long_name: cloud type code #2
  • names: cloud type code #2
  • units: 1
  • long_name: cloud type code #3
  • names: cloud type code #3
  • units: 1
  • long_name: cloud type code #4
  • names: cloud type code #4
  • units: hours
  • long_name: derived hour sunshine
  • names: derived hour sunshine
  • units: 1
  • long_name: descriptor - relative humidity
  • names: descriptor - relative humidity
  • units: 1
  • long_name: high cloud type code (see documentation)
  • names: high cloud type code (see documentation)
  • units: 1
  • long_name: identifier type
  • names: identifier type
  • units: 1
  • long_name: layer cloud amount code #1
  • names: layer cloud amount code #1
  • units: 1
  • long_name: layer cloud amount code #2
  • names: layer cloud amount code #2
  • units: 1
  • long_name: layer cloud amount code #3
  • names: layer cloud amount code #3
  • units: 1
  • long_name: layer cloud amount code #4
  • names: layer cloud amount code #4
  • units: 1
  • long_name: low cloud type code (see documentation)
  • names: low cloud type code (see documentation)
  • units: hPa
  • long_name: mean sea level air pressure
  • names: mean sea level air pressure
  • units: 1
  • long_name: medium cloud type code (see documentation)
  • names: medium cloud type code (see documentation)
  • units: 1
  • long_name: message type
  • names: message type
  • units: 1
  • long_name: midas qc version number
  • names: midas qc version number
  • units: 1
  • long_name: past weather code #1 (see documentation)
  • names: past weather code #1 (see documentation)
  • units: 1
  • long_name: past weather code #2 (see documentation)
  • names: past weather code #2 (see documentation)
  • units: 1
  • long_name: present weather code (see documentation)
  • names: present weather code (see documentation)
  • units: 1
  • long_name: source operation type code
  • names: source operation type code
  • units: 1
  • long_name: state indicator for the record
  • names: state indicator for the record
  • units: 1
  • long_name: station identifier
  • names: station identifier
  • units: 1
  • long_name: unique source identifier or station site number
  • names: unique source identifier or station site number
  • long_name: vertical visibility
  • units: decametres
  • names: vertical visibility
  • long_name: visibility
  • units: decametres
  • names: visibility
  • long_name: wind direction
  • units: deg true
  • names: wind direction
  • long_name: wind speed
  • units: knots
  • names: wind speed

Co-ordinate Variables

Coverage
Temporal Range
Start time:
1875-01-01T00:00:00
End time:
Ongoing
Geographic Extent

 
60.7592°
 
-60.5980°
 
32.9830°
 
-52.1530°
 
Related parties
Authors (1)