This website uses cookies. By continuing to use this website you are agreeing to our use of cookies. 



MOD04_L2 - MODIS/Terra Aerosol 5-Min L2 Swath 10km

Update Frequency: As Needed
Status: Ongoing
Online Status: ONLINE
Publication State: Published
Publication Date: 2021-04-15
Download Stats: last 12 months
Dataset Size: 1.26M Files | 3TB


These data are a copy of MODIS data from the NASA Level-1 and Atmosphere Archive & Distribution System (LAADS) Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC). The copy is potentially only a subset. Below is the description from

"The MODIS Aerosol Product monitors the ambient aerosol optical thickness over the oceans globally and over a portion of the continents. Further, the aerosol size distribution is derived over the oceans, and the aerosol type is derived over the continents. Daily Level-2 data are produced at the spatial resolution of a 10x10 1-km pixel array (at nadir).

Prior to MODIS, satellite measurements were limited to reflectance measurements in one (GOES, METEOSAT) or two (AVHRR) channels. There was no real attempt to retrieve aerosol content over land on a global scale. Algorithms had been developed for use only over dark vegetation. The blue channel on MODIS, not present on AVHRR, offers the possibility to extend the derivation of optical thickness over land to additional surfaces. The algorithms use MODIS bands 1 through 7 and 20 and require prior cloud screening using MODIS data. Over the land, the dynamic aerosol models are derived from ground-based sky measurements and used in the net retrieval process.

Over the ocean, three parameters that describe the aerosol loading and size distribution are retrieved. Pre-assumptions on the general structure of the size distribution are required in the inversion of MODIS data, and the volume-size distribution is described with two log-normal modes: a single mode to describe the accumulation mode particles (radius < 0.5 µm) and a single coarse mode to describe dust and/or salt particles (radius > 1.0 µm).

The quality assurance control of these products will be based on comparison with ground stations and climatology.

For additional details see the MODIS Atmospheres web site page onCollection 6.1 Updates. "

Shortname: MOD04_L2 , Platform: Terra , Instrument: MODIS , Processing Level: Level-2 , Spatial Resolution: 10 km , Temporal Resolution: 5 minute , ArchiveSets: 61 , Collection: MODIS Collection 6.1 - Level 1, Atmosphere, Land (ArchiveSet 61) , PGE Number: PGE04 , File Naming Convention: MOD04_L2.AYYYYDDD.HHMM.CCC.YYYYDDDHHMMSS.hdf YYYYDDD = Year and Day of Year of acquisition HHMM = Hour and Minute of acquisition CCC = Collection number YYYYDDDHHMMSS = Production Date and Time AYYYYDDD = Year and Day of Year of acquisition , Citation: Levy, R., Hsu, C., et al., 2015. MODIS Atmosphere L2 Aerosol Product. NASA MODIS Adaptive Processing System, Goddard Space Flight Center, USA: , Keywords: Climate Change, Atmospheric Correction, Aerosol Optical Depth/Thickness

Citable as:  National Aeronautics and Space Administration (2021): MOD04_L2 - MODIS/Terra Aerosol 5-Min L2 Swath 10km. National Aeronautics and Space Administration, date of citation.
Abbreviation: MOD04_L2
Keywords: Climate Change, Atmospheric Correction, Aerosol Optical Depth/Thickness


Previous Info:
No news update for this record
Previously used record identifiers:
No related previous identifiers.
Access rules:
Public data: access to these data is available to both registered and non-registered users.
Use of these data is covered by the following licence: When using these data you must cite them correctly using the citation given on the CEDA Data Catalogue record.
Data lineage:

Data were downloaded from to support UK research groups, especially NCEO.

Data Quality:
Look on the data source site ( for quality information
File Format:

Process overview

This dataset was generated by instruments deployed on platforms as listed below.

Mobile platform operations

Mobile Platform Operation 1 Terra Satellite orbit details
Output Description


No variables found.

Temporal Range
Start time:
End time:
Geographic Extent